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ART OF TRAVEL...TO RUSSIA!
Excursions, S.Petersburg


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Alexander Nevsky Lavra
Alexander Nevsky Lavra

The location of the Holy Trinity Alexander Nevsky Lavra, to be called "Victoria It was believed that it was here, at the confluence of the Black River (now Monastyrka) in the Neva River July 15, 1240, was a battle squads of Prince Alexander Nevsky with the Swedes. In 1704 Peter I decided to build a monastery here. The new capital required a sacred relics in it. One of them, the relics of St. Prince Alexander Nevsky, Peter decided to put the new convent.

After the capture of Vyborg, the emperor was examined by the terrain and given the name of the future of the monastery - The Holy Trinity Alexander Nevsky.

Designing the monastery complex was commissioned Domenico Trezzini . And in this case was just assigned to projecting, but not constructioSupervision of all construction works commissioned Christoph Konratu. In 1712 it began to appear the first building, laid the wooden Church of the Annunciation and the chapel.Around them there was the monastic settlement In 1713, the church was consecrated. The first abbot of the monastery, Archimandrite Theodosius began.

Alexander Nevsky Monastery was conceived by Peter I, not only as a spiritual institution. Here he proposed to arrange shelter for the disabled and mentally ill of the Northern War, the hospital. These establishments here have never been opened. But in 1720 the monastery was opened a printing house, and in 1721 - the school. The school later was transformed into a seminary, and then - the Theological Academy.

 

In 1716 the monastery was founded Lazarevskoe Cemetery (now the Necropolis of the XVIII century), which in 1717 built the stone church of St. Lazarus.

 

In 1717, the church of St. Lazarus was buried in Peter I's sister, Natalia. In the Lazarev nekroprole also buried Sheremetev V., F. Uvarov MV Lomonosov, D. Fonvizin, Quarenghi , А. Starov , А. Voronikhin , Zakharov , F. Thomas de Tomon , Rossi , F. Shubin, MI Kozlovsky.

 

By the beginning of XX century on the territory of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery, there were 16 churches.

 

In 1988 he began a comprehensive restoration of the Church of the Annunciation. The relics of Alexander Nevsky's return to Holy Trinity Cathedral in 1989. In the former Tikhvin church placed Exhibition Hall of City Sculpture Museum.

 


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