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ART OF TRAVEL...TO RUSSIA!
BAIKAL

 "The nice sea, sacred Baikal" — so begins spacious, as well as the lake, wide and majestic, as Siberia, a falk song about Baikal.

How many songs and legends are put about it  ... And it is , as in  legend, eternally new and ancient. A lot of still unsolved secrets store its transparent depths.

... About Baikal you can not tell, it is necessary to see it, and it is fine and unique in all seasons of the year.
Aboriginals consider Baikal sacred, and many treat it not as a lake, but as a living, reasonable and wise creature. Many legends
and popular beliefs are connected with it. The indigenous Buryat won't afford without need even to throw a stone from the coast
to the lake: "Baikal with  its wave had put it  in this place, so here it  has to be!" The sanctity of the lake sea was recognized unconditionally (or perhaps felt) also by the Russian pioneers.

In a huge stone bowl, almost in the center of Asia, at the height of 455 m above sea level, of 31,5 thousand sq.km, Baikal lake

had  poured its waters. Its length is equal 636 km, the width in widest place  - 79 km, the smallest - 25 km. This is the  deepest

lake on the globe. Depth arrive at 1641 m.

Among all the  beauty and richness of Siberia,  Baikal  Lake takes a special place. It is the greatest riddle which the nature had created, which  we are still trying to solve. Still  there are  the  disputes about  how Baikal  was  born – as a result of inevitable slow transformations or because of terrible accident and a failure in crust. For example, Baikal holds 23 thousand cubic km (22% of world reserves) of pure, transparent, fresh, low-mineralized, generously enriched with oxygen, water. The  lake has  22 islands. The biggest of them – Olkhon. The coastline of Baikal is  stretched on 2100 km. Borders of the region are defined by the Baikal mountain system. The territory of the region is rather  elated above the sea level and has mostly mountainous landscape. The lowest mark is the level of Lake Baikal (455 m), the highest – Mount Munku-Sardyk top (3491 m).

 High (up to 3500 m), mountain with their snow tops, crown the Siberian pearl. Their crests in some places move  away from Baikal on 10-20 km and more, then come  nearer, almost right up to the water. Steep coastal rocks often goe deep into the  lake, often without leaving a place even for a foot track. The prompt run streams and small rivers fall down to Baikal from big height, creating pictorial waterfalls  in places where they meet ledges in their way . Baikal is especially beautiful in silent, sunny days when the high loaches surround it with the snow-covered, sparkling on the sun tops and crests of mountains, reflected in huge blue space.

 
For several millions of years mother-nature was creating this miracle –  a unique factory of pure  crystal water. Baikal’s age is
about  25 million years. Usually the lake of the age of 10 — 20 thousand years is considered as old, but Baikal is young, and
there are no signs of its ageing. On the contrary, many scientific researches of the last years brought  hypothesis that Baikal
will arise in ocean one day. It is confirmed by the fact that  its coast disperse with the speed up to 2 cm a year.
Formation of its coast didn't end still; on the lake there are often the  earthquakes, fluctuations of separate sites of coast are
frequent. From generation to generation old residents  tell as in 1862 during an earthquake measuring 11 points the land
area to 209 sq.km in fell 2 meters depth under water  in one day. The new gulf was called the Hole, and its depth now is by
about 11 meters. For only one year on Baikal register up to 2000 small pushes of earthquakes.
In total 336 big and small rivers fall into the lake. The largest of them are Selenga, the Upper Angara, Barguzin, Turca,
Snow.
Only one follows from the lake – mighty and prompt Angara giving the transparent waters to Yenisei.
Among lakes of the globe Lake Baikal takes 1 place on depth. On Earth only 6 lakes have depth more than 500 meters.
The greatest mark of depth in the southern hollow of Baikal – 1423 m, in average – 1637 m, in northern – 890 m.
 
 
Baikal is a unique phenomenon on our planet In its fauna holds all the  main types  of fresh-water inhabitants are presented.
Most of people knows from a school bench  the unique animals and plants living in such remote and exotic corners of Earth
as New Zealand, Galapagos Islands, Madagascar, etc. are known. But not all of them knows that by quantity of endemic
organisms Baikal not only doesn't concede, but even surpasses these islands.
In a  taiga of Baikal it is possible to meet numerous taiga inhabitants: bears, squirrels, kolonok, ermines, foxes, lynxes and
the well-known Baikal sable, are frequent also an elk, a kabarga, a glutton.

Baikal freezes annually. In the first 3–4 days at air temperature below -20 °C ice accrues on 4–5 cm per day. At the end of October shallow gulfs, on January 1-14 – deep-water areas freeze. In the southern part Baikal is closed 4–4,5 months, in  northern part – 6–6,5 months. On the water area of the lake thickness of ice fluctuates from 70 to 113 cm, thus regularity is revealed: the more snow, the are thinner ice. Hummocks reach 1,5–3 meters of height. Ice 50 cm thick maintains weight to 15 tons therefore in the winter on ice of Baikal it is possible to move freely on cars. Along the northwest coast and in Small Sea Strait transparent is formed  ice, free from snow, through which on shoal it is possible to see a bottom.  Breaking of ice begins from the cape B. Kadilny on April 25-30. Gales on Baikal are usual at the end of summer and in the autumn. The maximum speed of a wind on the lake is noted in April, May and November, minimum – in February and July. 80% of summer storm are observed in the second half of August and in September, thus height of waves in an average hollow of Baikal reaches 4–4,5 meters at the steepness 22 °.

 

 

 

 

 

Address: Moscow: if your trip includes staying in Moscow, our representative will guarantee the high quality of all the booked services and in case of any question you can afford on his 24 h support.

E-Mail: incom@davincitour.ru
Address: Saint-Petersburg, Uliana Gromova Street h.6 Office 20N
(entrance to the courtyard through the arch)
Mon-Fri:10.00-19 .00



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